Against the Sects by Eznik of Kołb
First Published 5th Century
This is the original Classical Armenian edition of Against the Sects.
For the English translation (“On God”) by Monica Blanchard and Robin Darling Young (published by Peeters), click HERE.
This is the Classical Armenian edition of Eznik of Kołb’s 5th century masterpiece of Armenian literature, Against the Sects, also known as [A Treatise] On God. Against the Sects survives to the present day due in part to the good fortune of a single medieval transcription from the late 13th century at the University of Gladzor.
Eznik of Kołb was a theologian, philosopher, translator and naturalist. Written in the middle of the 5th century, when Armenia was facing threat of conversion to Zoroastrianism, Against the Sects is largely a work of apophatic theology, in which Eznik approaches the concept of the Christian God by contradicting beliefs of the predominant non-Christian sects of his time, including heathens, Zoroastrians (particularly Zurvanites), schools of pre-Christian Greek philosophy (those of Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Epicurus, and the Stoics), and the Valentinian and Marcionite gnostics. Beyond this, the book is a unique and essential source of information on Near Eastern religion and mythology from pre-Christian times, and on early Christian beliefs and metaphysical notions of God.